Fire systems – design and installation
The FAS is a critical component of security systems implemented in the offices, production plants and other corporate facilities. Fire alarm is continuously upgraded and developed as new threats emerge and new ways of countering them are devised. Every enterprise based in Ukraine is legally obliged to have FAS installed in every location. However, state regulation is not the sole reason for a fire alarm to be installed. It is the only effective countermeasure that may prevent a horrific accident at the very beginning.Automatic FAS
The automated fire alarm systems react to the first signs of an incident by sending a signal to situation control, setting of the alarm and triggering extinguishers and smoke extractors. No operator interference is required. The AFAS is most effective when used in combination with other security measures: CCTV surveillance, access control etc.
Fire alarm system componentsThe FAS consists of the following parts:
- Control panel (the ‘central’) – the unit that analyses the data provided by sensors and launches counter measures if necessary;
- An automated workplace – basically, a PC with special software that is used to monitor FAS status.
- Power source that keeps the system running even in the event of power outage;
- Sensors that detect high temperature, smoke, concentration of carbon monoxide etc.
FAS sensor types
The key conditions that may signal about danger:
- Excessive smoke concentration;
- Rising temperature;
- Carbon monoxide emission;
- Open fire.
The industry offers sensors for every above mentioned condition.
The heat sensors react to rise in temperature in the facility. Depending on the operating type, the sensor may trigger if a certain threshold is reached or if the temperature rises too fast for normal conditions. This equipment is generally used where smoke sensors can’t be applied.
Smoke sensors react to smoke concentration in the air. However, it may also be triggered by dust or steam. These components are the most widespread, but they can’t be used in certain production plants.
Fire sensors are set off by open ignition, this equipment is meant for use where highly flammable materials are located.
Every FAS is outfitted with manual triggers. They are usually placed in transparent boxes with red button inside. In order to provide the staff with a quick way to alert their colleagues of an accident, these boxes are located in easily accessible places on the walls. This measure is mandatory for enterprises in Ukraine.FAS types development and mounting
Depending on the means that are used to detect ignition place, the FAS may be analogue or address-type.
The analogue systems use the number of the fire loop to convey information about the outbreak location. One loop may house up to 30 sensors, thus accuracy is severely reduced. On the other hand, it’s not critical for small facilities, and the pricing of analogue equipment is up to 2-3 times lower. Moreover, mounting and launching them is significantly easier.
The address-type FAS sends exact data about fire location. It is a modern and reliable system that is irreplaceable at large sites. Despite the components’ higher cost, the system of this type may be cheaper to install because only about a half of the sensors’ amount is required compared to the analogue counterpart, thus less materials and working hours are required to get things up an running.
There is also a mixed type available that combines the traits of equipment that was mentioned above. This solution is often used to upgrade an existing system or if the client is working within a limited budget.
The system’s type, components, amount and placement of sensors is set in the FAS project. This is a fundamental document that is always drafted in the beginning.
Without it no facility will be commissioned. The pricing depends on the area size, system complexity and the amount of time required to perform the measuring.
The project serves as a basis for FAS mounting. The installation price is calculated for every facility depending on the system type and specific features, compound’s size is square meters, necessity for equipment and materials. Our specialists can calculate the price based on the project, or if there is none available, after a visit to your location. The pricing is provided free of charge.Maintenance
Maintenance is usually conducted once a month. For every facility a maintenance plan is developed that contains necessary data about the system. The price may vary depending on conditions of use and the components used.
Special offer for state and municipal enterprises
The companies that operate within a strictly set budget with next to no flexibility setting up a FAS may be a non-trivial task. The cost of a fully-fledged project may reach thousands of hryvnias, the finances are often just insufficient to go through every step. Thus, it is not rare that a project is ordered, but mounting is delayed – and when the time comes for phase B, the documents are outdated and need to be revised.
We understand the difficulties that our partners face, and offer an advantageous solution – a minimum viability project that matches the legal standards for as low as 800 – 1000 UAH.
The client obtains authentic information regarding the required financing including the cost of required equipment, installation and commissioning related services. Even if the funding turn out to be insufficient, the expenses should not be a hard hit for the budget.
With this document at disposal the officer responsible for fire security can form a valid request for funding.
The services are provided at contract pricing